What does Open Interest cover? Practice of use of the OI Analyzer indicator: description, settings and examples.
OI Analyzer is a custom-made indicator, which sorts out the Open Interest and shows what buyers and sellers do. The indicator idea belongs to Denis Sotnikov. Our channel has a webinar with Denis about the indicator capabilities.
The indicator will be useful for:
- intraday traders;
- position traders for the search of the entry point with minimum risks in the course of the position accumulation by major players.
Specific features of the OI Analyzer indicator
You can find the complete list of contracts on the Exchange web-site. There is detailed information on every contract with a division into legal and physical person positions. See Picture 2.
Let’s remember what the Open Interest is before moving to the detailed description of the OI Analyzer indicator.
OI shows what number of contracts are opened in a futures.
The trade takes place at the moment of meeting the market and limit orders. That is, a buyer and a seller are required for opening one contract. When a seller and buyer open new contracts, OI increases. When a seller and buyers close old contracts, OI decreases. If there are old and new contracts in a trade, the Open Interest doesn’t change.
|Short positions||Long positions||Open Interest|
|+3,000 new||+3,000 new||+3000|
|+3,000 new||-3,000 closing previous ones||didn’t change|
|-3,000 closing previous ones||+3,000 new||didn’t change|
Open Interest, as well as the volume, is the ‘fuel’ for the price movement. Strong trend movements are supported, as a rule, by the OI growth.
We see general actions of buyers and sellers in the standard Open Interest. However, what exactly do sellers do and what do buyers do? We can only guess.
At any moment of time, buyers and sellers can:
- open new positions;
- close old positions.
It is important information, because it helps to assess interest and aggression of one of the sides.
Let’s consider an example in the 5-minute PAO GMK stock futures (GMU0) chart. We have OI only in the left chart and two OI Analyzer indicators in the right chart. See Picture 3.
If we look only at the left chart, it might seem that a huge growth of the Open Interest is connected with buys – the price grows and candles are green. However, in reality, the Open Interest grows at the expense of new sell orders. We see the OI Analyzer sell growth in the right chart. Somebody actively sells but the limit buy orders keep the price from falling.
OI Analyzer shows what traders, working with market orders, do. For example, if a trader sends a market buy order, the OI Analyzer of buyers will grow. See Picture 4.
If a trader closes his long position and sells, the OI Analyzer of sellers will fall. See Picture 5.
There should be two OI Analyzer indicators in the chart at any moment for the sake of completeness:
- separately for buyers;
- separately for sellers.
Setting up the OI Analyzer indicator
Let’s see how to set up the indicator. See Picture 6.
- Legend is the visibility of the indicator name.
- Cumulative mode shows accumulated trades for the whole trading session. If we uncheck this item, the chart will be presented in the bar chart form.
- Clusters mode works only for cluster charts (Footprints). OI Analyzer, in this mode, is shown in the digital form in the chart.
- Calculation mode. You can select SeparatedTrades or CumulativeTrades.
What is the difference between the SeparatedTrades and CumulativeTrades? Let’s discuss it in detail. Denis applies CumulativeTrades. This mode shows only actions of those traders who work with market orders. That is, if there is a new sell of 1,000 contracts in the tape, the OI Analyzer will increase by 1,000.
The SeparatedTrades mode for OI calculation takes into account market and limit orders and also information about what number of trades there were by bids and asks. That is why, if a trader sent 1,000 new market orders, the number in the chart may differ from 1,000 in this mode. The CumulativeTrades mode is to the right in the chart while the SeparatedTrades mode is to the left. See Picture 7.
Let’s come back to the previous picture (the OI Analyzer indicator setting).
- Mode allows setting OI for buyers and sellers – OI Analyzer buy and OI Analyzer sell.
- Color could be any for any indicator.
7. Grid step improves visualization. It is better to apply different grid step settings for every contract and identify them based on experience. For example, we set the grid step of 5,000 contracts for the RTS index futures. The upper green chart is seated in one division, which means that around 5,000 contracts were traded here. The bottom red chart consists of three divisions, which means that around 15,000 contracts were traded here. See Picture 8.
8. Custom diapason allows setting OI for buyers and sellers – OI Analyzer buy and OI Analyzer sell. If the difference in the buy and sell indicators is too big, it might be difficult to compare them. It might be also difficult to assess whether the movement is big or small. It is possible to ‘squeeze’ prices in a certain range in order to level the buy and sell indicator ranges. See Picture 9.
Now, after we have considered all indicator settings in detail, let’s analyse trading examples and specific features of working with the indicator.
Examples of use of the OI Analyzer indicator
The OI Analyzer indicator works on liquid instruments. The author trades with the help of the indicator on the RTS index futures (RI) and sometimes on the USD/RUB futures (SI).
Let’s consider an example in the 5-minute RTS index futures (RIU0) chart. We added to the chart two OI Analyzer indicators, fixed TPO and Profile and VWAP indicator.
We will identify the main trend and priority direction of trades by VWAP:
- If the price steadily stays above and the indicator looks up, it’s time to buy.
- If the price steadily stays below and the indicator looks down, it’s time to sell.
However, it is not a constant trading recommendation.
We will assess the general trading session development and take into account a bigger time-frame by the fixed Profile, since the Profile is built by 30 minutes. See Picture 10.
The upward stretching Profile and three buyer single prints tell us that we have a trend day. It is dangerous for a deposit to short on such days. We need to join the aggressive and strong side as soon as possible in order to trade profitably. We should join buyers in this example.
Now, let’s take heed of the OI Analyzer:
- First, there are both market buys and market sells in the market. However, the price grows, which means that buyers are stronger.
- Then the market buys stop while market sells continue. But the price continues to grow since the market sells bump into limit buys. Limit buy orders move higher and higher. The price grows at the expense of limit buys!
Approximately 20,000 short positions were opened during the trading session – we see it from 4 divisions of the red chart grid. The grid step in our charts is 5,000 contracts. These positions are already loss-making. If the price goes up, the traders, most probably, would close them with buys and the price would move even higher.
Let’s see what happened the next day. It looks like the next day starts from the stop activation, because the trading session opens above the previous day. That is why the price trades in a narrow range. See Picture 11.
In which case the buyers, who are late, continue to open long positions, because they remember the previous trend day. Some traders register their profits by long positions, that is why the OI Analyzer sell decreases.
Moreover, we may assume that there are serious limit sell orders in the market, because the price doesn’t grow on market buys. It means that the market buys bump into limit sells, which move lower and lower in the course of the session.
When the traders start their path to the market understanding, they analyse price and time charts. Then they add a new dimension – volume.
Open Interest is one more separate dimension, which could (and should) be analysed when working in the exchange markets.
- Disadvantage of the Open Interest is in its limitation. It is available only on derivative instruments and only on the Moscow Exchange in real time.
Advantage of the Open Interest is in the fact that it could be divided into buys and sells. This operation is implementable due to the unique OI Analyzer indicator of the ATAS platform.
OI Analyzer is not a mechanical trading system, it is necessary to analyze and understand it. The indicator protects traders from unnecessary loss-making trades and shows false movements.
For example, you shouldn’t open sell trades if the buyers’ Open Interest starts to grow sharply. However, if OI decreases when the price increases, you can open counter-trades from significant levels.
The indicator doesn’t work on currency pairs. You shouldn’t also build your trading strategies exceptionally on the OI Analyzer signals when working with futures, which are traded in the American markets, for example, oil or gold. These contracts are traded on the Moscow Exchange with a significantly lower volume and they repeat movements on the leading American platforms.
Denis recommends to analyse the USD/RUB futures (SI) only at those moments when the volume in the futures is significantly bigger than the volume in the underlying asset, that is on the currency section.
Download the free 14-day demo version of ATAS, which has an unlimited functionality, if you haven’t yet tried the OI Analyzer.